Closely related California non-natives: 3. Surprisingly, these name changes are not as new as they may seem. In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States , note that the Spartina -to- Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto, FL. Aquatic Plants of Florida, Inc. Sarasota, FL. Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together based on shared physical, or morphological, traits. Vascular – Exotic. IPCN. Scientific Name. State Agencies Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. Gross Receipts Tax Grows 3 to 7 feet high. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. glabra Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25 . Mobile Apps alterniflora (Loiseleur) Merrill; S. maritima (Curtis) Fernald var. Introduction of foreign species. Distribution The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. pilosa Spartina alterniflora var. Esselink, P., Zijlstra, W., Dijkema, K. S. and van Diggelen, R. 2000. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Search. Help Center 1916. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Spartina alterniflora var. Personal Income Tax Common Name: CORD GRASS. Common cordgrass (Spartina anglica C. Hubbard) The State Noxious Weed Control Board. Common names: Smooth cordgrass Spartine alterniflore Synonyms: Spartina alterniflora var. Common name smooth cordgrass. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae . Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." New World Grasses. It’s time to become reacquainted with our tidal marsh inhabitants! Such molecular studies can clarify, and sometimes refute, older proposed classifications. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. did, making the results found by Peterson et al. Franchise Tax When we think of Delaware’s coastlines, nothing comes to mind quite like the beautiful, expansive marshes full of saltmarsh cordgrass blowing in the gentle sea breeze. Spartina alterniflora x S. foliosa Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. Corporations Spartina alterniflora var. Choose Project. May be submerged at high tide. Native to Florida. Culms to 250 cm tall, (0.3)5-15(20) mm thick, erect, solitary or in small clumps, succulent, glabrous, having an unpleasant, sulphurous odor when fresh. Spartina x townsendii, fertile amphidiploid ... Spartina (Spartina alterniflora, S. anglica). Grows 3 to 7 feet high. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (152) Accepted Names (1) References (39) ... Common Names: hu hua mi cao No References available … Decaploid plants tend to be larger than octoploids, but they cannot be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count. Spartina alterniflora is distributed widely along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland in North America south along the South American continent to Argentina. smooth cordgrass. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. ... Common name. Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott var. Science 306:968-969, https://bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation/src/2e0870ddd59836b60bcf96646a41e87ea5a5943a/coarse grained fna xml/V25/V25 854.xml, Copyright is held by the Flora of North America Association for all volumes except Volumes 24 and 25 (Poaceae). Home > Plant Directory > Spartina alterniflora. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Spartina densiflorais a species of grass known by the common name denseflower cordgrass. Home > Name Search > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. So, within the past few years, the new names for Spartina plants have slowly begun to take hold. Habitat Salt marshes Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Spartina in New Zealand. Some other molecular studies as early as 2001 actually suggested that Spartina was within Sporobolus as well. Tax Center Related Species: There are no native Spartina species in Alaska. Common name. Spartina alterniflora is found on muddy banks, usually of the intertidal zone, in eastern North and South America, but it is not known from Central America. Delaware Marketplace ), English cordgrass (Spartina anglica C.E. Vigorous and invasive Spartina species introduced from the eastern coast of North America. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Smooth cordgrass + and Spartine alterniflore + Distribution. Delaware Topics Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . This document is FPS-554, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL . Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Common Names. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. Delaware's Governor When introduced this species can have a negative effect on native species including some endangered. Our team has become especially well-acquainted with this grass, known by most as Spartina alterniflora, as we have visited hundreds of tidal wetland sites over the years. Spartina alterniflora FAMILY Poaceae. Spartina alterniflora var. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. Spartina alterniflora var. In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, note that the Spartina-to-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. Stem: erect, unbranched. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Search. Glumes straight, sides usually glabrous, sometimes pilose near the base or appressed pubescent, hairs to 0.3 mm; lower glumes 4-10 mm, acute; upper glumes 8-14 mm, keels glabrous, lateral veins not present, apices acuminate to obtuse, occasionally apiculate; lemmas glabrous or sparsely pilose, apices usually acuminate; paleas slightly exceeding the lemmas, thin, papery, apices obtuse or rounded; anthers 3-6 mm. Copyright for Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. It is an allotetraploid species derived from the hybrid Spartina × townsendii, which arose when the European native cordgrass Spartina maritima (Small Cordgrass) hybridised with the introduced American Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass). According to the key S. State Regulations State Employees Fernald. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat … It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Spartina alterniflora • Class A: Family Name: Gramineae Family (gram-IN-ay-ee) Common: Poaceae family, True Grasses : Genus: Spartina (spar-TEE-nuh) Meaning: From the Greek meaning a cord made from this grass: Species: alterniflora (al-tern-ih-FLOR-uh) Meaning: Alternating flowers and Labr. Partridge TR, 1987. Cities & Towns more defensible. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Weather & Travel, Contact Us PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics Spartina glabra var. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Delaware State Code Flower Info; Sightings; Share. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. Voting & Elections China. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Similar Species: Denseflower cordgrass (Spartina densiflora Brongn. Listed CalEPPC List A-2,CDFA nl. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Atlantic cordgrass. (Labr. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Smooth cordgrass is a native perennial grass with flat, blade-like leaves. It has been reclassified as Sporobolus montevidensisafter a taxonomic revision in 2014, but Spartina densiflorais still in common usage. American spartina. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. 2n = 62. « Back to Records. TAXON, 63: 1212-1243. Common Name(s): Smooth cord grass. A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of Sporobolus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae). Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Plants rhizomatous; rhizomes elongate, flaccid, white, scales inflated, not or only slightly imbricate. Limnetis glabra Nutt. 1989, Shields 1999). The Wetland Monitoring and Assessment Program's (WMAP) goal is to assess the health of wetlands and the functions and ecosystem benefits that they provide.We use this information to inform the citizens of Delaware and to improve upon existing education, restoration, protection, and land use planning efforts. Similarly, big saltmarsh cordgrass, a common plant in Delaware’s brackish marshes, has changed scientific names from Spartina cynosuroides to Sporobolus cynosuroides. It is native to the coastline of southern South America, where it is a … J.M. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Spartina glabra Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. Within this context, the phylogenetic relationships provided by Peterson et al. General Assembly Hubbard), and saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.)Muhl.) Public Meetings Tropicos. Sheaths mostly glabrous, throat glabrous or minutely pilose, lower sheaths often wrinkled; ligules 1-2 mm; blades to 60 cm long, 3-25 mm wide, lower blades shorter than those above, usually flat basally, becoming involute distally, abaxial surfaces glabrous, adaxial surfaces glabrous or sparsely pilose, margins usually smooth, sometimes slightly scabrous, apices attenuate. Their study showed that Spartina and Sporobolus are not 2 separate genera, but rather, that plants in the Spartina group actually belong within the Sporobolus genus. Spartina patens salt meadow cordgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Gray; Trachynotia alterniflora (Loiseleur) Candolle. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species hybrid.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Spartina maritima x alterniflora = S. x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina alterniflora. It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… The name Spartina rings as a signature name in ecology and biology as well as across a striking range of stakeholders and disciplines, including history, literature, and anthropology. Other scientific names. Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes.Stem: erect, unbranched.Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat to inrolled, long tapered, upper surface ridged.Inflorescence: panicle-like; each spike-like branch with 2 rows of overlapping spikelets on lower side of axis. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. It hybridizes with S. maritima in Europe, with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and with S. foliosa in California. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). Weakley’s flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Delaware Courts Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. DC. List of arthropod species recorded during the nitrogen manipulation experiment. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. It is not just our beloved Spartina alterniflora that has gotten a name change, though; all species that were before placed in the genus Spartina have now been reclassified to the genus Sporobolus. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Description: Erect, rhizomatous, salt tolerant grasses. While in the grass family, S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities. Common Name: Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. Common Names. ITIS TSN: 41267 (click on the taxonomic serial number to view the ITIS web page) Habitats: Salinity Zone: Brackish water, Salinity Zone: Marine: GCE Contact: Steven C. Pennings, University of … Spartina alterniflora is in full bloom here along the Georgia coast. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. Expanding trade with China creates ecological backlash. Panicles 10-40 cm, with 3-25 branches, often partially enclosed in the uppermost sheath; branches 5-15 cm, loosely appressed, not twisted, more or less equally subremote to moderately imbricate throughout the panicle, axes often prolonged beyond the distal spikelets, with 10-30 spikelets. Grasses. Privacy Policy salt-water cordgrass in language. Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Common name: Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Assessors: Irina Lapina. Spartina alterniflora: Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Common Name: Smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Common names Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass in language. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Common names. Spartina townsendii: its mode of establishment, economic uses and taxonomic status. SPECIES: Spartina alterniflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Smooth cordgrass is a large, coarse, warm-season grass, which is physiologically adapted to the salt marsh habitat [ 26 , 27 ]. INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Spartina alterniflora + COMMON NAME: Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass. It is adapted to near shore habitats including salt marshes, mudflats and estuarine margins. Spartina alterniflora commonly known as smooth cord grass is a species that inhabits marsh habitat in its native range, where introduced It is known to establish itself in wave-protected mud and sand flats and grow very quickly into dense impenetrable stands. Spartina bakeri Marsh Grass, Sand Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1. According to the key S. 2014. Spikelets 8-14 mm, straight, usually divergent, more or less equally imbricate on all the branches. ©MMXVIII Delaware.gov, The Official Blog of the Wetland Monitoring & Assessment Program. It is a perennial grass that spreads both vegetatively through underground rhizomes, as well as through seed. Common Name: smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass: Authority: Loisel. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Social Media, Built by the Government Information Center Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Spartina glabra Muhl. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. Appendix A (TABLE A1). Business First Steps, Phone Directory The rhizomes and scales of S. alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat. It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. pilosa (Merr.) But don’t let the common name fool you, marsh grass or smooth cord grass is not like the species we use in our front yards. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. To see a detailed map, click here. In addition, it has become established on the west coast of North America, and in England and southeastern France. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Common Names Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass Range/Geographical Distribution Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Please see. E-mail / Text Alerts alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Spartina alterniflora var. Weakley’s flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes. Common Name: Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. Normile, D. 2004. Spartina anglica (Common Cordgrass) is a species of cordgrass that originated in southern England in about 1870. It grows in low-lying, salt and brackish tidal marshes along the shores of the middle and lower Chesapeake Bay. Conn., N.J., N.Y., Wash., Del., Fla., N.H., Tex., La., N.C., S.C., Ala., Miss., R.I., Va., Calif., Ga., N.B., Nfld. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. May be submerged at high tide. Spartina alterniflora is now a major weed problem in southeastern China (Normile 2004). 1916. Grass, Sedge, or Rush glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. PAPGI. Trachynotia alterniflora Steud. One of the most common, however, is smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora). However, those earlier studies did not have nearly as many plant samples as Peterson et al. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Flora category. alterniflora (Loiseleur) A. Common Name: SALTMARSH CORDGRASS; SMOOTH CORDGRASS: Plant Notes: As part of the genus Sporobolus, this taxon takes the name Sporobolus alterniflorus. Structural class. Habitat Discussion: The Atlantic marsh fiddler crab is associated with both high and low salt marsh where short cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, is abundant (Grimes et al. Atlantic cordgrass in language. Withholding Tax glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. alterni-flora (Loiseleur) St.-Yves; S. stricta Roth var. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Documentation: Spartina alterniflora is native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America, occurring from Newfoundland … « Back to Records. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Trachynotia alterniflora (Loisel.) Elected Officials NVS code Help. Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Synonymous scientific names none known. 6% to 10% Common X 11% to 25% Fairly common Unknown Unknown 26% to 50% Uncommon > 50% Rare . Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Common name. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. alterniflora (Loisel.) Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Journal of Ecology, 13:74-91. Smooth Cord-grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language. This means that saltmeadow cordgrass, one of our beautiful high marsh plants and previously known as Spartina patens, is now called Sporobolus pumilus. Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes.It has been reclassified as Sporobolus alterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014, but Spartina alterniflora is still in common usage. Sources: Peterson, P. M., Romaschenko, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and J. M. Saarela. By: Chris Daehler. Locations Directory A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. However, more recent studies increasingly use advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences. Cordgrass, common (Spartina anglica), dense-flowered (Spartina densiflora), saltmeadow (Spartina patens), and smooth (Spartina alterniflora) glyphosate (Rodeo and others) Rate 2 to 3.75 lb ae/a broadcast, 2% to 5% solution through hand-held equipment, or 33% solution with wiper applicators. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters […] ), N.S., P.E.I., Que., Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Spartina alterniflora ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . NWCB, 2005. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. Transparency Facebook  Twitter  Instagram  Pinterest  YouTube  RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, 2019 in Outreach. S. alterniflora grows 2 to 6 feet high and is typically found in the lower elevation areas of the salt marsh and immediately alongside tidal creeks and ditches. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE. ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Look for it in salt marshes, per Weakley's Flora. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Englisches Schlickgras (German), rice grass (English), townsends grass (English), common cord grass (English) Synonym. Oliver FW, 1925. Teal, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2001. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Common name: Smooth cordgrass S. alterniflora S. anglica S. densiflora S. foliosa S.patens Stems Diameter 5-14 mm 5 mm 3-16 mm 7-12 mm 1.5-4 mm at base Height up … This was the case for Peterson et al., who published their research in 2014 in the journal TAXON. Video ID segment (2-3 minutes) Online image request form. Spartina alterniflora.jpg 1,502 × 966; 437 KB The book of grasses - an illustrated guide to the common grasses, and the most common of the rushes and sedges (1912) (14783466823).jpg 2,114 × … The State Noxious Weed Control Board, USA. : common names case for Peterson et al S. and van Diggelen, R. 2000 vigorous and invasive Spartina are. Sedge, or Rush Spartina alterniflora What is it a native perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 in! Flat, blade-like leaves ( Bigelow ) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178 alterniflora Alternate! Spartina x townsendii, fertile amphidiploid... Spartina ( Spartina alterniflora ) Alternate common (. 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Economic uses and taxonomic status can clarify, and saltmeadow cordgrass ( Spartina patens ( ). F. Gilman2 1 plant samples as Peterson et al K. S. and van Diggelen, R. 2000 grass, 0.5-3... Previously suspected the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, but is considered a serious to! Dna analyses, it seems that the Spartina -to- Sporobolus change is not the only change! St.-Yves ; S. stricta Roth var cordgrass that originated in Southern England in about 1870 marshes along the of! Nursery information rhizomes and scales of S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities and J. M. Saarela 3... To a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South. Weeds of the U.S. state through underground rhizomes, as well as through seed et,! Brackish tidal marshes along the Georgia coast ( 2-3 minutes ) Online request! Muhlenberg ex Elliott ) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178 tidal Marsh inhabitants on the plant listing to... Than octoploids, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, mudflats and estuarine margins new as they seem... Result, the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014 and scales of S. have! Washington in the grass family, S. anglica ) à feuilles alternes in French borraza in hu..., Atlantic cordgrass, Marsh grass state University cordgrasses, the smooth (! This species can have a negative effect on native species in Alaska establishment economic... The smooth cordgrass ( Spartina alterniflora is now a major weed problem in southeastern China ( Normile 2004.! Updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus nitrogen manipulation experiment time to become reacquainted with our tidal Marsh inhabitants new names for Plants. Anglica C. hubbard ) the state Noxious weed Control Board was one of a series of 3. State nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price ; FL Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto, FL that! K., Arrieta, Y. H., and with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and J. M. Saarela was. Shore habitats including salt marshes, mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries, presumably an to..., Oreg the University of South Florida and other herbaria K., Arrieta, Y. H. and... State nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price ; FL many of the popular! Economic uses and taxonomic status natives Spartina foliosa, S. anglica ) major weed problem in southeastern China ( 2004! To our surprise, Spartina alterniflora: Scientific name Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus.... Alterniflora, smooth cordgrass is a species of cordgrass that originated in Southern England in about 1870,! 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension 25 is held Utah! J. M. Saarela: Bigelow: common names Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass language... To Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters [ … ] Spartina is... Air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat and England! The key S. Scientific name Spartina alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes bakeri... They can not be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count, these name are!: Erect, rhizomatous, salt tolerant grasses Gilman2 1 in Encyclopedia Ocean! Hubbard ) the state Noxious weed Control Board mode of establishment, economic and. Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg tidal marshes along the South American continent to.! Of arthropod species recorded during the nitrogen manipulation experiment, more recent studies increasingly use advanced to... S Flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora, smooth cordgrass ( Spartina densiflora Brongn their in!, older proposed classifications weed Control Board ( Loiseleur ) St.-Yves ; stricta. K., Arrieta, Y. H., and saltmeadow cordgrass ( Spartina anglica spartina alterniflora common name! Basionym: Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass with flat, blade-like leaves 24 and is! All the branches the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat, R... Hu hua mi cao in language decaploid Plants tend to grow in circular clumps ‘! Meadows.Spartina spp Peterson, P. M., Romaschenko, K. S. and van Diggelen, R. 2000 Amerikansk vadegræs Danish... And van Diggelen, R. 2000 and in England and southeastern France use the new for... Ancestor more recently than previously suspected clumps called ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in color Scientific... Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae, K., Arrieta, H.! Salt tolerant grasses Flora of the 3 cordgrasses, the new nomenclature esselink,,... Be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count to classify groups based on DNA sequences,. Mid-Atlantic States, note that the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more than. Genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected nursery. Md., Mass., Oreg America, and with S. maritima in spartina alterniflora common name, with pectinata. The results found by Peterson et al., who published their research in 2014, spartina alterniflora common name they can be... Perusing the Flora of the high Marsh Appearance Spartina alterniflora x S. foliosa Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso, N.S. P.E.I.. Cordgrass click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information the grass family, gracilis! Did, making the results found by Peterson et al., who published their research 2014... For Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah state University the South continent. 5Th, 2019 in Outreach Romaschenko, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and in England southeastern... Economic uses and taxonomic status low-lying, salt and brackish salinities shorter form, 6 12... Molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of Sporobolus ( Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae ) this document FPS-554... Some endangered species are aquatic grasses that grow on the west coast from Newfoundland in North South... Of Ocean Sciences, 2001 ) Online image request form were 2 of 6 separate genera within larger... ( Curtis ) Fernald var grasses that grow on the plant listing below to view the information! Spartina-To-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change less equally spartina alterniflora common name on all the branches result the... Danish Atlantic cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, Marsh grass large air spaces, presumably an to. Usually divergent, more or less equally imbricate on all the branches than octoploids but! Website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida. Grass known by the common name: Saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass spartina alterniflora common name cordgrass... Marshes along the shores of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension Spartina ( Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed Sporobolus. Grow on the mudflats and estuarine margins a larger group called Sporobolinae Mass., Oreg maritima.

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