They were descended presumably from one Achaemenes, a minor ruler in a mountainous Achaemenian Dynasty (559–330 BCE), ancient Iranian dynasty whose kings founded and ruled the Achaemenian Empire. son of Cambyses, great king, king of Anshan, grandson of Cyrus, great king, king of Anshan, descendant of Teispes, great king, king of Anshan, of a family [which] always [exercised] kingship. Cyrus the Great (sī`rəs), d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids Achaemenids, dynasty of ancient Persia. He had two sons, one of whom, Cambyses, succeeded him; the other, Bardiya (Smerdis of the Greeks), was probably secretly put to death by Cambyses after he became ruler. Start studying AP World History Chapter 4. The Greek historian Herodotus recorded one of the most well-known legends about the ruler in his History. In Herodotus’s historically dubious account of Cyrus’s upbringing, Cyrus overthrows his grandfather Astyages and unites the latter’s Median kingdom with the Persian one he inherited. It does, however, indicate the high esteem in which Cyrus was held, not only by his own people, the Persians, but by the Greeks and others. One cuneiform text in Akkadian—the language of Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) in the pre-Christian era—asserts he was the. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. All Free. Cyrus was undoubtedly the guiding genius in the creation not only of a great empire but in the formation of Achaemenian culture and civilization. Cyrus the Great. Cyrus the Great synonyms, Cyrus the Great pronunciation, Cyrus the Great translation, English dictionary definition of Cyrus the Great. See more. Definition of Cyrus in the Definitions.net dictionary. There is no doubt that the Cyrus saga arose early among the Persians and was known to the Greeks. (Biography) called the Younger. DICTIONARY.COM Cyrus definition, king of Persia 558?–529: founder of the Persian empire. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Cyrus-the-Great, Iran Chamber Society - Biography of Cyrus II, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Biography of Cyrus the Great, The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies - Cyrus the Great, The Father and Liberator. When he was 10 years old, Cyrus, because of his outstanding qualities, was discovered by Astyages, who, in spite of the dream, was persuaded to allow the boy to live. The dynasty came to an end with the death of Darius … Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty of the Persian empire, the dynastic family who led the Persians between 550 and 330 BC Cyrus II King of Anshan (Maybe) The Greek "father of history" Herodotus never says Cyrus II the Great came from a royal Persian family, but rather that he acquired his power through the Medes, to whom he was related by marriage. Cyrus the Great Essay * Cyrus the Great, without a doubt, had huge impacts to not only world history but impacts that can still be seen today. Similar beliefs also exist about the founders of later dynasties throughout the history of Iran. The story of the childhood of Cyrus, as told by Herodotus with echoes in Xenophon, may be called a Cyrus legend since it obviously follows a pattern of folk beliefs about the almost superhuman qualities of the founder of a dynasty. 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